I wish to express my sincere thanks to Wayne Christian and Chris Dunne for their support in writing this paper. Without their direction and keen ear this would have not been possible. In addition, I would like to thank both Charlotte and Graham for proofreading and being tolerant with how many spelling errors were probably in this paper. I am also extremely grateful to Orlagh, who gave the support and motivation to get me through the twists and turns over the past 5 months. I would finally like to thank my friends and family for providing the environment that allowed me to explore the subject and who gave alternative, progressing perspectives that shaped this paper to be what it is today.